Новости Бурятии и Улан-Удэ за 29 октября 2015 года на сайте Информ Полис online - infpol.ru
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Light and dark                                            Проводите время в социальных сетях с пользой для себя и своих друзей: #конкурс #ДляДевушек #ДангинаИнформПолис #ЗаявиОсебе We respect execution «Информ Полис» запускает конкурс для тех, кто часто сидит в соцсетях и любит делиться своими фото с друзьями. Каждый день, листая френд-ленту, мы видим десятки фотографий.Почему бы в преддверии светлого праздника Сагаалган не наполнить ее интересными и полезными фактами празднования Нового года по лунному календарю?! Ваши друзья и подписчики узнают вас с новой стороны, благодаря вам пополнят свои знания о бурятской культуре. Ну а вас ждут лайки, восторженные комментарии и - внимание! - вполне возможно, именно вашу фотографию и историю опубликуют в «Информ Полисе». А если вы станете «самой-самой», то получите ценный приз на сумму 10 тысяч рублей.          1     Perceptual Cause and Effect      Lighting creates the 2D pattern of contrast the brain interprets to recognize 3D objects in photographs. In an in-person viewing experience the brain relies on stereoscopic vision, parallax, shifting focal in addition to the clues created by the highlight and shadow patterns the light on the object creates. When viewing a photo the brain tries to match the patterns of contrast and color it seen to those other sensory memories.       «The baseline for what seems "normal" in lighting is the direction and character of natural and artificial sources and the context provided by other clues»          Steve Jobs Apple CEO              2     The Natural Light Baseline      To differentiate that role from that of "key" modeling when a modeling source moves behind the object it is typically called a "rim" or "accent" light. In portrait lighting it also called a "hair" light because it is used to create the appearance of physical separation between the subject's head and background.       When a photographer puts the sun behind an object its role in the lighting strategy changes from modeling the front of the object to one of defining its outline and creating the impression of physical separation and 3D space a frontally illuminated scene lacks.          Steve Jobs Apple CEO         1818 Magazine by Stephanie Toole       To differentiate that role from that of "key" modeling when a modeling source moves behind the object it is typically called a "rim" or "accent" light. In portrait lighting it also called a "hair" light because it is used to create the appearance of physical separation between the subject's head and background.     3     Creating Natural Looking Artificial Lighting      A typical studio lighting configuration will consist of a fill source to control shadow tone, a single frontal key light to create the highlight modeling clues on the front of object facing the camera over the shadows the fill illuminates, one or more rim/accent lights to create separation between foreground and background, and one or more background lights to control the tone of the background and separation between it and the foreground.             There are two significant differences between natural lighting and artificial sources. One is the character of the fill and the other is more rapid fall-off in intensity. In nature skylight fill is omni-directional and usually brighter from above. That "wrap around" characteristic is difficult to duplicate with a directional artificial source.

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